Stay with what is pure

Lessons from Surah Al Maidah, Ayah 90

(Notes from an online lecture by Huda Institute, Canada.)

“O you who believe! Khamr, Maysir, Ansab, and Azlam are a filth of Shaytan’s handiwork. So avoid that in order that you may be successful.”

By starting this ayah with “O you who believe” Allah سبحانه و تعالى asserts that if you are believer than listen to this. We should stop here and think that if our emaan is weak, the ayah will have no impact on our heart; but if we truly consider ourselves to be believers and our hearts are attached to the commands of Allah سبحانه و تعالى, then we will surely be more attentive and in shaa Allah will act upon what’s being said.

  • khamr خَمْرُ  is that which covers the intellect.
  • The word maysir مَيْسِر  in the ayah is used for gambling, literally it means any game of chance or betting through which people acquire some wealth.
  • The word ansab اٌّنصَاب means a stone altar. This is where the mushrikeen used to offer their sacrifices to their idols.
  • The word azlam اٌّزْلاَمُ means using arrow to find out your fortune. When people were not sure about a matter, they would take three arrows. One said, “Do it”. The other said, “Don’t do it”. And the third didn’t say anything, which meant, “Try again”. These arrows were used to take decisions. This is similar to using dice or cards today.

All of these things mentioned above are filth رِجْسٌ and رجس is applied to both physical and intangible filth.

So khamr, maysir, ansab and azlam are all works of Shaytan. He has beautified them for the people. He incites and encourages them to do these things. Therefore, we have been instructed to stay away from them and be successful. فلاح means that a person attains his goals and he is saved from that which is مکروہ or disliked so that he may become successful in this world and the hereafter.

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Courage in Conveying

Lessons from Surah Al Maidah, ayah 67

(Notes from an online lecture by Huda Institute, Canada.)

O Messenger! Convey what has been sent down to you from your Lord. And if you do not, then you have not conveyed His Message. Allah will protect you from mankind. Verily, Allah guides not the people who disbelieve.

In this ayah, Allah سبحانه و تعالى addresses, comforts and encourages Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم:

  • Allah سبحانه و تعالى commands him to convey all that He has sent him without any hesitation to the people whether someone likes or dislikes, takes or rejects it. This should not become a hurdle and a worry in his mission.
  • He then comforts him, by giving the good news that disbelievers will not be able to bring any harm to him in his mission and that Allah سبحانه و تعالى will protect him Himself.

وَإِن لَّمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ

“And if you do not, then, you have not conveyed His Message.”

This is worth pondering. It means that if he had failed to convey even ONE command to the Muslim ummah, he would not have fulfilled the responsibility of Prophethood completely. This was the reason why the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم strived so hard with his full courage and strength throughout his life to fulfil this huge obligation placed on his shoulders and he did not leave out anything, not even the most minute detail that was commanded to him to convey.

The Ummah of Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم testified that he had delivered the Message and fulfilled his duty, when he asked them on hajjatul wida’a.


  • We should firmly believe that whatever Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم has conveyed us was what Allah سبحانه و تعالى instructed him. We should not have any doubt whatsoever in his preaching or his Sunnah. We should also not ask if he left anything out because he was a Messenger of Allah, he could not back out of his responsibility.
  • In it, there is a message for us that if we are striving for the cause of Allah solely for His sake and not to look good in the eyes of the people then we should not worry about what people are going to say. We should strengthen our efforts and leave the matter to Allah سبحانه و تعالى. If we are sincere ,in sha Allah, Allah سبحانه و تعالى will make out a way.

May Allah سبحانه و تعالى give us the ability and strength to work sincerely in His cause. May Allah سبحانه و تعالى accept our efforts and strengthen our Iman. Ameen

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